Online Citizenship and the Reconfiguration of Democratic Practices. A comparative perspective
Palais des congrès - 521a
Sunday, July 20th - 11:00-12:45
Chair: Dr. Thierry Giasson
Discussants: Dr. Mary Francoli /Prof. Dietlind Stolle /Dr. Mary Francoli (Carleton University)
This panel presents comparative studies dedicated to online democratic citizenship. Presentations will address three core questions: How do citizens use online resources and technologies, either through institutional devices or more informal networks and actions to express their citizenship? How are their online practices articulated to other, offline, forms of political expressions and activism? And, finally, does digital citizenship transform the way democracy works? Organizers welcome comparative work investigating these questions, however theoretically and methodologically innovative single case studies could also be presented.

• Bottom-up innovation(s) for urban resilience? (Digital) practices and means to transform the City of Detroit Mr. Huguet François


• The Digital Divide meets the Democratic Divide: The Internet and Democratic Citizenship in Canada Dr. Harold Jansen, Dr. Thierry Giasson, Dr. Royce Koop, Dr. Tamara Small, Prof. Frédérick Bastien

• What do citizens expect from web campaigns? The cases of the 2012 France and Quebec elections Prof. Mireille Lalancette, Dr. Simon Gadras, Prof. Frédérick Bastien, Dr. GERSENDE BLANCHARD

• What Do Digital Naturals Demand from Democracy? Dr. Marja Åkerström, Mr. Philip Young

• “People. Power. Change.”: 38 Degrees and Democratic Engagement in the Hybrid Media System Prof. Andrew Chadwick, Mr. James Dennis

Digital Campaigning and Political Organizations Palais des congrès - 522a Monday, July 21st - 11:00-12:45 Chair: Dr. Fabienne Greffet Discussants: Prof. Andrew Chadwick This panel invites papers not only on digital campaigning as such, but also on analysis of the consequences digital campaigning development might have on political organizations in a broad sense (political parties, trade-unions, NGOs…). Some scholars argue that organizations may become more and more professionalized and centralized, monitoring citizens through the development of information and targeting techniques (Howard). Others consider that a “citizen-initiated” campaign model may be emerging; this could transform organizations in a more expressive and participative way (Gibson). Forms of “organizational hybridity” may intertwine social movements and parties through their media activities (Chadwick). Are these approaches applicable to different countries and cases, whatever the political context and the institutional rules? And beyond, do digital campaigning and its consequences contribute to a redefinition of electronic democracy? If so, in what sense? These topics would be discussed in this panel at the IPSA conference in Montreal, in a comparative perspective. • Coding Good Technologies for Winning Campaigns: The Political Campaign Software Industry Prof. Fenwick McKelvey

• Digital Campaigning in a Comparative Perspective: Campaign Devices in the 2012 Elections in France and Québec Dr. Thierry Giasson, Dr. Fabienne Greffet

• Online campaigning in Germany: A Development Toward Integrated Campaigns Mr. Andreas Jungherr

• Party politics or social politics? The relationship between political participation on social media and through parties in comparative perspective Dr. Cristian Vaccari, Dr. Augusto Valeriani

• Taking a Long View of Digital Campaigning: Presidential Campaigning in the U.S. from 1996-2012 Prof. Jennifer Stromer-Galley

• Voter Targeting on the Web: A Comparative Longitudinal Analysis of Voter Targeting Online on Parties’ Websites during the 2008/2009 and 2013 Austrian and German Election Campaigns Dr. Uta Russmann

E-voting:Internet voting, voting machines

Palais des congrès - 512d Tuesday, July 22nd - 9:00-10:45 Chair: Dr. Thad Hall

Co-Chair: Prof. Alexander Trechsel


Electronic voting and internet voting seems to be reinvigorated. This panel is open for discussion on strategies of national and supranational institutions such as Council of Europe regarding Electronic and internet voting. New experiments in Mexico, Argentina, new trends in India etc should be presented. Latest developments and trends in Norway, Denmark, Switzerland in the local election and new experiences in Estonia, Switzerland, USA, Russia will be evaluated. • Internet voting in Norway 2013 The principle of the secret ballot in practice Dr. Jo Saglie, Dr. Signe Bock Segaard • The introduction of e-voting in France: the failure of a political strategy Prof. Nathalie Dompnier • Voting machines and political elections in France: a study on the precision of voting results Dr. Chantal Enguehard · Bringing the non-voters in: voting experiments of Internet voting in Canada Prof. Nicole Goodman

Virtual inequalities Palais des congrès - 525b Wednesday, July 23rd - 9:00-10:45

Chair: Prof. Karen Mossberger


Discussants: Prof. Karen Mossberger

This panel examines inequalities in Internet access and use across nations,exploring the implications for political participation, public policies, and research. Participants analyze patterns and implications for countries as diverse as Mexico, Israel, Candada and Britain, and for worldwide comparative data. Disparities that are discussed include Internet use for new social media and for health information as well as political participation. As more information and participatory opportunities develop online, digital inequalities are still a concern for many populations. Digital divide is still an important topic not only a problem on the global South. Large groups are excluded from broadband technology and online services. Digital inclusion is overlapped by economic, social and political exclusion. Papers focus on strategies overcoming that gap. These are not only technological infrastructural strategies but also educational policies. • A Cross-national View of Minority Internet Use Mr. Chris Anderson • Citizenship and access to e-health: ethnic inequalities in access to health electronic services in Israel Prof. Gustavo Mesch • Digital Inequality: Expressions of Citizenship in Access to, Participation in, and Engagement with Digital Media Dr. Anabel Quan-Haase, Mr. Michael Haight • The introduction of technological tools as a way to promote citizen participation in Latin American realities: Is this feasible? Dr. Arturo Flores • Who Tweets? The demographics, attitudes and engagement of Twitter users Dr. Grant Blank

Towards transparent societies? International Perspectives on Open Government, Open data & Transparency Research Palais des congrès - 525b Wednesday, July 23rd - 13:00-14:45

Chair: Dr. Sarah Labelle Co-Chair: Mr. François ALLARD-HUVER Discussants: Prof. Yves Jeanneret /Dr. Claire Oger Inspired by previous research on open government, transparency, public participation and governance practices in both Political Science and Information & Communication Sciences, this panel will discuss the current state of transparency research. From a historical and theoretical point of view to practical research focusing on policy implementations, proposals will explore how transparency redistributes powers and redefines relationships between stakeholders by examining its status as an ideological notion and as a model for action in the public sphere.The panel will analyze how transparency refers to skills and expertise of public actors, in new frames of policies, especially those including the changing media environment (information society, open government, etc.). We aim to bring together different research traditions and geographic perspectives questioning the notion of transparency and related concepts like openness, accountability or empowerment. Topics of interest can pertain to varying scales and scopes of perspectives including organizations such as States, NGOs, IOs, etc., or themes such as governance, business, trust, etc. Panel issues are concerned with the social operativity of the notion of transparency and the way it refers to concrete processes and political authority. Moreover, we form the hypothesis that transparency as a model leads to undervalue the role of communication and to occult tools, signs and socio-technical apparatuses. • Des organisations associatives face à "l'impératif de transparence" : une approche communicationnelle et discursive Dr. Amaia ERRECART • Entre injonction à la « transparence » et réappropriations sociales. Le cas de la loi relative aux droits des malades et à la fin de vie en France Miss Maud Fontaine • Institutional Transparency and Prime Ministerial Power in Westminster Systems: Dead-end or Democratic Paradox? Prof. Gingras Anne-Marie • L'Unesco et la transparence : d'un principe de gouvernance à la médiatisation de données sur son site Internet Miss Camille Rondot • La transparence dans la réutilisation des données ouvertes : quelle place pour le citoyen ? Mr. Samuel Goeta • Le marché de l’opendata : les jeux sémiotiques et esthétiques de la « visualisation » comme rhétorique de la transparence Prof. Julia Bonaccorsi

Data security, Open data, Social networks Palais des congrès - 525a Thursday, July 24th - 9:00-10:45 Chair: Masahiro Iwasaki

Co-Chair: Dr. Domagoj Bebić


In this panel a broad range of different relevant topics regarding social media are discussed. Besides the quality of online deliberation and its function in campaigning, Surveillance, data privacy and regulations are becoming an important issue. This panel issue is concerned with the concrete benefits and the downsides of the various open data initiatives worldwide. Which public policies and strategies of implementation are known? Are global initiatives adopting such strategies or are there new instruments? Topics of interest include but are not limited to Technological and organizational challenges. In fact most are legal issues (see e.g. ACTA, NSA engagement). • Democratic process and Social networks: A study of USA Presidential Election 2012 Mr. SUSANTA KUMAR PARIDA • Challenges of Electronic Government in Brazil Prof. Jarbas Thaunahy • Forum or pulpit? Governmental bodies and the deliberativeness of social media Prof. Juliana Raupp, Mr. Jan Niklas Kocks, • Governing cyberspace: a critical assessment of European digital policies Dr. Mauro Santaniello, Prof. Francesco Amoretti • Modeling political organizations’ use of online media. Considerations on findings and research designs Ms. Paula Nitschke, Prof. Patrick Donges • Public Administration in Brazil and the use of Facebbok : they need more participation and transparency? Mr. SANDSON AZEVEDO, Prof. Ana Farranha E-participation, blended democracy and democratic innovation Palais des congrès - 525a Thursday, July 24th - 11:00-12:45

Chair: Shiru Wang

Co-Chair: Norbert Kersting


'Open Government' programme was initiated under Obama’s presidency in the US. Besiedes open datra initiatives it reinvigorated new instruments for political participation. This allows individuals and groups to develop, monitor and evaluate particular policies, services, and the performance of government in general. New information and communication technologies bring in innovative participatory instruments in the field of representative, demonstrative, deliberative and direct political particpation. These democratic innovations combine offline and online partcipation (blended democracy) and they change the roles of government, public authorities, business, civil society and citizens. • A Policy Diffusion Model of E-Government Implementation Across Nations Prof. Jeff Gulati, Dr. Christine Williams • e-democracy, participation and innovation in Kenya Ms. Emmy Chirchir • Internet and Policy: making of an Index of Political E-participation and Influence in the Public Policy (IPEIPP) Dr. Claudio Penteado, Mr. Marcelo dos Santos, Dr. Rafael Araújo • Liquid Democracy and the Role of Developers Mrs. Anja Adler, Prof. Christoph Bieber • Open like Obama? Possibilities and limitations of governmental online-communication in Germany Mr. Jan Niklas Kocks, Prof. Juliana Raupp • Toward a resamantization of Community Based Monitoring. A broader perspective of a tool in permanent evolution through its worldwide practices. Dr. Giovanni Allegretti Social networks and e deliberation Palais des congrès - 525a Thursday, July 24th - 13:00-14:45

Chair: Dr. Domagoj Bebić Co-Chair:

Dr. Stéphanie Wojcik

Discussants: Dr. Domagoj Bebić Social media changed individual political participation dramatically. Social media seem to be crucial for these new social movements? What is the relationship between socio political pluralism and Internet? What is the reaction of political parties and civil society in democratic regimes. Papers focus on the evaluation of the quality of social networks. This raises the question about the quality of these networks and the quality of deliberation in the internet. The panel will try to categorize, analyze and evaluate the different tools • Citizen Activism in the Age of Social Media in Nigeria Dr. Presley Ifukor • Consumer Netizens – How Political Consumers make use of (social) media in everyday life. Ms. Katharina Witterhold • Knowledge, Internet and the Change of Protest Campaigning in Germany Dr. Mundo Yang • Role of Facebook in humanitarian campaigns in Croatia Dr. Domagoj Bebić

Catalyst or cacophony? The impact of the Internet on political opinion and participation in the global South Palais des congrès - 525a Thursday, July 24th - 15:00-16:45 Dr. Jason Abbott Co-Chair: Prof. Norbert Kersting Discussants: Mr. Laurence Whitehead This panel will provide a comparative analysis of the impact and implications of Internet use on political opinion and participation in young eemocracyies as well as in authoritarian and quasi-authoritarian regimes. It is widely accepted that the Internet provides access to alternative sources of unmediated information, is a tool by which opposition and reformist voices can circumvent conventional forms of censorship and media regulation, and a means by which dissident groups can organize and mobilize. Such conventional wisdom however is drawn from a relatively small number of countries where authoritarian regimes have succumbed to reformist and revolutionary oppositions. To test whether the hypothesis is valid requires a much larger multi-country and multi-regional analysis. It is to this end that this panel will contribute. It is envisaged that the panel will present case studies and data from Latin America, Africa, the Middle East, Russia, Central Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia and Northeast Asia. To this end papers are invited from researchers investigating the impact and role of the Internet in these regions. • Does ICT Diffusion Increase Government Responsiveness in Autocracies? An Empirical Assessment of the Political Implications of China’s Internet Mr. PAUL MINARD • Multitude and Webativism in the city of São Paulo Dr. Rosemary Segurado • The “China Dream” in the PRC's Propaganda Regime in the Digital Era: Case Study of the Constitutional Debate during 2012-2013 Dr. Chin-fu Hung, Mr. Xinshan Si • Social media and Democracy: Nigeria’s perspective. Mr. Abubakar Musa Shinkafi • The crowdsourced monitoring of elections: Assessing cross-national evidence Mr. Max Grömping • Web.2.0 et démocraties naissantes : le cas Tunisien Dr. lassaad ghachem